- seafood and seafood products from specific manufacturers/shippers
- dietary supplements
- spices and spice products
- fresh produce that appears to have been prepared, packed, or held under insanitary conditions
- dairy products manufactured under insanitary conditions
- papaya from Mexico
- products from Japan due to radionuclide contamination
- food products due to melamine and/or melamine analogs
- produce due to contamination with human pathogens
- animal feeds and feed ingredients that may contain ingredients of animal origin
- dentifrice products containing diethylene glycol
- cosmetics due to microbiological contamination
- ceramicware due to excessive lead and/or cadmium
- stevia leaves, crude extracts of stevia leaves, and foods containing stevia leaves and/or stevia extracts
- honey and blended syrup due to unsafe drug residues
- mushrooms from Hong Kong and China
- bottled water and flavored water beverages
- cantaloupes from Mexico
- dates from China
- apple juice and apple juice concentrate containing an undeclared sweetener
- crustaceans due to chloramphenicol
- misbranded seafood
- cheese due to microbiological contamination
- cosmetics adulterated and/or misbranded due to color additive violations
[Click here for ST&R’s on-demand webinar on how to avoid costs and delays from FDA import alerts.]
Importers of FDA-regulated goods are responsible for ensuring that such imports are in compliance with FDA laws and regulations. Before shipping into the U.S., importers should be aware of whether or not their product is listed on an import alert.
Import alerts inform FDA field staff that the agency has enough evidence or other information to allow a product that appears to be in violation of FDA laws and regulations to be detained without physical examination at the time of entry. Import alerts may cover products from designated countries or areas (including from all foreign countries), manufacturers, or shippers.
Firms and/or products on the “red list” of an import alert are subject to DWPE, while firms and/or products on the “green list” are not because they have met the criteria for exclusion. Some import alerts include a “yellow list” of firms, products, and/or countries subject to intensified surveillance because the nature of the violations may warrant further field examinations of individual entries and/or additional analyses. In addition, depending on the specific import alert, shipments of products subject to DWPE may still be imported into the U.S. if the importer has demonstrated that the shipment is in compliance.
If a product is detained without physical examination the importer has the right to provide evidence to the FDA in an attempt to overcome the appearance of the violation. If no such evidence is submitted, or if the evidence provided is insufficient to overcome the appearance of the violation, the product will be subject to refusal of entry into the U.S.
For more information on FDA import alerts, including how to get a product removed from an import alert, please contact trade attorney Shelly Garg at (305) 894-1043.
This article was originally published in the Sandler, Travis & Rosenberg Trade Report on August 21, 2019.